1Martha Josey (born Martha Lavaughn Arthur in Gregg County, Texas on March 11, 1938, daughter of Robert Jonas Arthur, Sr. and the former Martha James) is a professional barrel racer who has been in active rodeo competition since 1964. She has earned numerous titles at competitions such as the National Finals Rodeo (NFR) and events sanctioned by the National Barrel Horse Association (NBHA), and Women’s Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA).
She also competed in barrel racing as an exhibition event during the 1988 Calgary Olympics, and is the founder and co-owner of the Josey Ranch Barrel Racing Clinic. She was inducted into the Cowgirl Hall of Fame in 1985. She and her husband, R.E. Josey, were jointly inducted into the Texas Cowboy Hall of Fame in 2002, and the Texas Rodeo Cowboy Hall of Fame in 2007.